United States President Madison declared war on Britain in 1812, expecting an easy victory over the British colony of Canada. Over three years of conflict later, the war ended with neither side being declared the winner.
The war brought difficult times for local people. The vast majority of the area’s population were recent immigrants from the United States, who had to decide if they were going to fight for the British, “turncoat” and fight for the Americans, or do what most did and simply try to stay out of the conflict by whatever means possible.
By December of 1815, the Treaty of Ghent ended hostilities. Local residents and Native allies faced considerable losses of lives, homes, barns, crops, livestock and mills.